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Orna Mukhopadhyay
Bibliophilia and biotech!


Note: Before you read this, I highly recommend that you read my preceding article:

Imagine a falling bookshelf. The topmost part of it contains all your recent memories, and the bottom parts contain your older memories: your mom braiding your hair or singing to you, your dad making you memorize all of Newton’s laws when you were 2 (no? Just me? okay).

The bottom memories are more stable than the memories above them, and they remain. But the ones above (i.e. your kids, spouse, grandkids, etc.) won’t remain.

The memory loss is the first part. It occurs via the shrinking…

Credit: NeONBRAND on Unsplash

You were vibing when it happened.

Listening to your favorite album on Spotify, brushing your teeth + checking yourself out in the mirror — then you noticed it.

Gray hair. The pinnacle of all your problems. Granted, it was only a few strands — but it meant that you were….old.

Over the next few years, you noticed something. You couldn’t move your fingers as much. That violin piece by Paganini that you were oh so eager to learn — your dexterity was gone. It physically hurt to play it.

Your eyes started working worse, your blood pressure rose, and it…

In collaboration with Sarah Jiang, Kiersten Ngeow, and Aliya Ojuade.

If given the choice between a vegetable salad or nice, fried chicken and crispy potato fries, people are more likely to go ahead and pick the fries.

Photo by Ashley Green on Unsplash

84.8 million Americans consume fast food daily. That’s about 37% of all US adults, alone. However, when it comes to eating healthy, 97% of Americans are willing to pay more to eat healthier. This leads us to wonder: why is it that although a majority of Americans are willing to pay more to eat healthier, that 84.8 million Americans still eat unhealthily.

Why do they eat unhealthily?



When I’ve asked the older women in my life who have been pregnant, they told me that they found out through “peeing on a stick.” I was very confused. I thought they meant a tree stick.


A large part (more than half) of my month was dedicated to studying for my final exams. In particular, AP Physics was the one I put the most emphasis on, although AP Calc + AP Comparative + French weren’t too far behind.

The physics final was particularly important because it would determine if I would end up with an A finally in the course, or a B. While for my other classes, it was more about studying for consistency.

In the end, I remember the two days before the test, I was crying. Kept on telling myself I would fail…

Who knew that studying for my physics finals would lead me to a productivity x physics crossover?


Let’s start off with something simple, and probably the first thing you’d ever learn in an introductory physics course: what is velocity? (Kinematics, woo!🍻)

The answer: velocity is your motion with direction. Unlike speed, when it’s just the number (or magnitude of the vector, if you will). If you’re riding a bike in the opposite direction of your friend, but you’re both going at the same speed, you have the same speed but a different velocity.

If you’re doing things at a certain…

Credit goes to Andrea Piacquadio on Pexels.

I got inspired to write this article after having attended the MIT Tough Tech Summit. I was simultaneously attending my virtual class, so, unfortunately, I couldn’t stay for the whole time — however, the bit that I did stay was incredibly valuable. I thank Katie Rae of the Engine, alongside Mariana Mazzucato, Tom Kalil, Illan Gur and so many others for making this experience — and to my directors, and especially Michael, at TKS for giving us the chance to attend this summit. It is truly something that I have been grateful for this year.

This article, in particular, was…

Photo by Kiersten Brown on Unsplash — that plethora of crayons though

If I could go back to elementary school me and tell her one piece of advice, I would tell her to treasure her time with the easy classes, fun projects, ancillary periods, and of course, recess. If I could go back to middle school me and tell her one thing, I would tell her to stop making such a big deal out of her homework; it really wasn’t the hardest thing she would ever face.

Back when I was in the wee little slippers, tightly pulled-back pigtails, and corduroy dress of my formative years, all I knew were two hours…

Team Members: Neha Shukla, Sriya Chintalapalli, Mir Ali Zain, Sarah Naghmi and Hung Huynh.

We take many of our daily privileges for granted.

Food on our tables, a roof over our heads, water to drink, family to spend time with, and so on.

But what if your own body failed you?

What if those two legs of yours refused to hold you up? To take you from place A to B? What if they were your barriers as opposed to anything external? They refused to let you go to the bathroom, take a shower, go for a walk without support…

Polymerase chain reactions that utilize reverse transcription, or the mechanism where nucleotide sequences are copied from an existing RNA template and synthesized into DNA, have been used for diagnosing people with SARS during the 2002–2004 outbreak in Asia. Now, similar methods have been utilized for the diagnostics of potential COVID-19 positive patients, by identifying the viral components of SARS-CoV-2. The intention of this article is to explain how this methodology works, and some potential alternative methods for COVID-19 diagnostics.

Reverse Transcription: The Mechanism

Orna Mukhopadhyay

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